Perhaps the fact that your phone is quite new is what makes it less compatible with Corona. It might be a matter of waiting for the next Corona public releases.
The sample apps should definitely work on any phone (since they’re designed to do so), so the best course of action is probably to write a bug report to the Corona team and hope they get it fixed soon. It must be really frustrating for you not to be able to run some Corona-made games on your phone.
In the meantime, since you’re not getting any useful details from adb logcat, I’m going to suggest a somewhat messy solution: try adding “print” statements (such as “fine until part x”) in several parts of the code, and you’ll be able to tell when the error happens. That might make it possible to detect the specific API call (or calls) that cause the errors.
I’d like to help more, but since I can’t replicate these errors, I can’t think of many ways of helping you. Keep me updated if you try the “print” strategy. We might not be able to fix the problem if it’s a phone-related issue, but there might be an alternate solution that can be used in the meantime.